affects both the males and the females and usually begins after
the age 30. The condition is aggravated by several lifestyle and
environmental factors such as eating hot, spicy foods, drinking
alcohol and/or caffeine, exposure to the sun, rain, or wind, temperature
changes and stress. Some medications such as ACE inhibitors are
also linked with the development of the disease.
However, it is important to remember that the triggers do not affect
all people in the same way. What affects some may not affect the
others. So, to identify what factors are actually causing your symptoms
to appear, you may need to keep a diary for a few weeks. Jot down
everything you have eaten or drank during the day, your emotional
state and the weather. This will help you identify what factors
trigger your rosacea flare-ups the most.
Are the Symptoms of Rosacea?
Erythema, or flushing of the face or neck - This happens
when the blood vessels on the face and the neck expand to accommodate
the increased volume of blood flow. The redness will disappear during
the initial stages but will eventually become permanent as the disease
Telangiectasia, or the formations of red lines on the face
- The red lines you see on your face are actually the enlarged blood
vessels underneath the skin. Unfortunately, they become more prominent
as the redness fades.
Formation of papules or the pimples - The pimples of rosacea
are commonly characterized as small lumpy red pimples. Some of these
pimples may contain pus and may appear as small white bumps. In
rosacea, no whiteheads or blackheads are present.
Burning or itching of the skin
Edema or swelling of the face
Rhinophyma or the enlargement of the nose - This condition
usually accompanies rosacea and is most common among older men.
Ocular rosacea - Most people afflicted with rosacea also develop
mild to severe eye-related problems. Inflamed, dry and crusty eyelids
and conjunctivitis characterize ocular rosacea. If left untreated,
ocular rosacea can give rise to more serious problems, which includes
irisitis or the painful inflammation of the iris and keratitis or
the ulceration of the cornea.
What Causes Rosacea? Nobody knows for sure. For all we know, there
may be a number of factors that lead to this condition. However,
it was observed that some people are more prone to developing the
disease and that it seems to run in the family.
So, what do you need to do once you suspect that you are afflicted
First, go see your doctor. He or she is in the best position to
make the correct diagnosis and give you the most appropriate treatment.
Do not take this matter lightly. Early diagnosis and treatment are
necessary to ward off other problems associated with the disease.
Second, make the necessary lifestyle changes. Avoid the triggers
as much as you can.
Third, protect your skin. Use moisturizers to soothe your skin
when it feels dry or sore. Dont forget to put on your sunblock
and use a scarf to protect your face when it is cold or windy outside.
Do not use skin care products that contain harsh ingredients and
do not rub or scrub your face!
And lastly, keep your cool. Stress aggravates rosacea and may lead
to a nasty flare up. So, if you are feeling stressed out, take a
time out to cool down. You can use slow, deep breathing techniques
to keep your emotions under control.
Rosacea is a skin condition, which develops irrespective of a persons
skin type. In several cases, it also causes irritation to the delicate
eye area or the eyes itself.
Persons who develop eye infections should practice regular eyelid
hygiene, including washing with prescribed solutions and applying
warm compresses several times a day. In mild cases, the condition
is known to have reduced by avoiding stressful and traumatic situations.
The National Rosacea Society suggests that persons dealing with
this condition may maintain a journal to help recognize and decrease
persons maybe prescribed oral antibiotics, which include tetracycline,
Doxycycline and Minocycline. Topical antibiotics such as Metronidazole,
maybe approved to relieve swelling and partial redness. Oral antibiotics
may provide relief from Ocular Rosacea. If symptoms continue, at
times Isotretinoin is prescribed. Unfortunately, the antibiotic
treatments can cause undesirable side effects, especially when used
Flushing and swelling of the face can be treated with Clonidine.
Its side effects include sleepiness and lowering of blood pressure.
Monoxidine, a popular alternative, is less efficient. Determining
the cause of flushing is vital. For example, if reddening occurs
from consumption of red wines or other foodstuff that contains high
amounts of histamine, prescribing antihistamines such as Zyrtec
or Claritin could be helpful.
Single wavelength or broad range laser machines are also effective
treatment devices for Rosacea. It uses light rays to go through
the epidermis and mark the capillaries in the dermis layer of the
skin. The heat generated damages these vessels causing them to be
absorbed by the human body's inherent defense mechanism. At times,
one may use CO2 lasers to eliminate surplus tissues caused by Phymatous
It is essential to maintain a gentle skin-purification routine
using skin friendly cleansers and toning solutions. Protection from
the sun is important and regular use of a sunscreen containing a
high SPF factor and blocking agents such as zinc oxide or titanium
dioxide are advisable. Rosacea treatments differ from person to
person, depending on the type of skin and the severity of the condition